Citation & Referencing
Citation and Reference skill is one of the significant skills in Information Literacy program. It should be mastered by students as it is really vital to their writing for assignments and theses
The most important thing when citing and referencing is to be consistent.
CITATION is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from another source. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find that source again, such as:
REFERENCING is used to acknowledge the books, journal articles and other sources of information that you use when writing a paper. This is done by briefly referring to (citing) the sources of information in the text of your work, and by producing a corresponding, alphabetical list of references (or a bibliography) at the end of your work.
To reference properly, you need to have:
Eg: Straus agrees with this, saying that scholars have presented the Rwandan genocide as “a state-organised, planned extermination campaign” (Straus 2004, p.86)
Eg: Straus, S. (2004) ‘How many perpetrators were there in the Rwandan genocide? An estimate’. Journal of Genocidal Research, (6)1, pp. 85-98.
There are various citation styles,and normally fall into two categories:
Citation management software helps to:
You can consider to choose the appropriate software that suits to your need.
Zotero is a free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share research.
We encourage you (VGU students) to use ZOTERO for managing references.
EndNote X9 (Licensed software by VGU)
As a researcher, you are constantly juggling different roles, dealing with competing demands on your time, and coordinating not only your own activities in publishing research but also those of your collaborators–around the department and around the world.
EndNote X9 is the reference management software that not only frees you from the tedious work of manually collecting and curating your research materials and formatting bibliographies, but also gives you greater ease and control in coordinating with your colleagues. (Source: endnote.com)
JabRef is an open source bibliography reference manager. The native file format used by JabRef is BibTeX, the standard LaTeX bibliography format. JabRef is a desktop application and works equally well on Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X.
Mendeley is a free reference manager and academic social network that can help you organize your research, collaborate with others online, and discover the latest research
(from Curtin library)
Plagiarism is cheating and can be defined as “to copy (ideas, passages of text, etc) from someone else’s work and use them as if they were one’s own” (Chambers 21st Century Dictionary, 1999). It is a serious offence whether it is accidental and unintentional use. To avoid plagiarism, the sources you use and refer to must be properly cited and referenced.
You can get more information via this interesting Plagiarism video
Copyright is an Intellectual Property Right along with Trade Marks, Patents and Designs. Copyright gives economic and moral rights to the creators of works, and provides a legal framework for such works to be used fairly by others.